صورة 1

Circumcision, harassment, and male domination. Violence against women in Egyptian cinema

The issue of violence against women is one of the most important issues that have been discussed in Egyptian cinema for a long time. The Egyptian filmmakers were keen to present works that embody the different types of harm that women go through, whether psychological, physical, verbal or sexual violence. As well as economic and social oppression and other types of harm inflicted on women.

Like it or not, there are many societies that still deal with women as vulnerable and marginalized beings in society, who must be subjugated and controlled. This prompted the United Nations General Assembly to choose November 25 as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women. It seeks to do justice to women, expose the shortcomings of society, raise awareness of the forms and methods of violence that women are subjected to worldwide, and explain the negative effects on women who undergo such experiences. On this occasion, we present to you the most famous films of Egyptian cinema that dealt with the issue of violence against women.

Teenage Girls

The film touched on different types of violence against women, including physical violence such as beatings and abortions, and verbal violence such as insults and reprimands. As well as imposing male control over women from their male relatives. By presenting the suffering of a group of teenage girls with their families. The events review the impact of this violence on girls, and how each of them confronts the injustice perpetrated against her. The first girl, “Nada”, suffers from her cruel mother who imposed strict restrictions on her daughter, and allows her son to control his sister and exercise his male authority over her, in an inappropriate manner that amounts to beating and insulting. The second girl, “Safiya”, is subjected to various types of verbal and physical violence by her stepfather, who forces her to have an abortion after she became pregnant with his son out of wedlock, causing her death.

The film stars Magda and Rushdi Abaza. It is written by Ali Al-Zarqani, and directed by Ahmed Diaa El-Din.

The Open Door

The film exposed a different type of violence against women, which is psychological violence, which can sometimes be more effective than physical violence. With him, the woman feels a loss of confidence in herself, and her inability to go through life alone. This appeared within the events of the film through the character “Laila”, who wanted to revolt against her reality, whether by participating in the Egyptian revolution against the British occupation, or by revolting against the beliefs of her family, which insists that women submit to the tyranny of their male guardian, whether it is their father, brother or husband. Considering that the man is more aware of her personal interests, and more able to make decisions and judge matters. Over time, Leila responds to her family’s thoughts, forgetting her dream of gaining her freedom and being able to make her own decisions. Especially after going through a failed love story that makes her lose confidence in herself. Until she meets “Hussein”, who supports her and helps her to gather her courage and stand up to her family in order to achieve her dream of political struggle, so that she regains her self-confidence.

The film stars Faten Hamama, Hassan Youssef, Shwikar, Mahmoud Morsi and Saleh Selim. It is written by Latifa Al-Zayat and Youssef Issa, and directed by Henry Barakat.

The Second Wife

The film discussed the issue of forced marriage, forcing a woman to marry someone she does not want. Through the story of a wife named “Fatima” whom the village mayor wants to marry in order to have a son who will bear his name and inherit from her. The mayor forces her husband, “Abu Ela”, to divorce her. With all might, he forcibly marries her before she completes her waiting period. So, “Fatima” decided to rebel against the tyranny of the mayor, and prevented him from approaching her, because forced marriage and divorce are not permissible according to Sharia. The film also dealt with the suffering of women in rural societies from the problem of not having children, which becomes a justification for polygamy, in view of the silence of the first wife, and her inability to object to the second marriage.

The film stars Soad Hosni, Shukri Sarhan, Sanaa Jamil, Salah Mansour and Abdel Moneim Ibrahim. It is written by Ahmed Rushdi Saleh and Muhammad Mustafa Sami, and directed by Salah Abu Seif. It occupies the 16th place in the list of the 100 best films in the memory of Egyptian cinema.

Doing it out of fear

The film reviewed the violence that women are subjected to, represented in forcing them to marry, through the character of “Fouada”, whom “Atris” insists on marrying against her will. In order to achieve this, her family falsely claimed that she had consented to the marriage, and they told the muezzin that she had authorized her father to marry her. When Fouadah told him that their marriage was invalid, he took revenge on her father, the authorized representative, and the witnesses. The people of the village stood in solidarity with “Fouada” and revolted against the idea of oppression and oppression of women, and decided to save her. Then they set fire to Atris’ house to get rid of him.

The film stars Shadia, Mahmoud Moussa, and Yehia Shaheen. It is written by Waheed Hamid and directed by Hussein Kamal. It occupies the 19th place in the list of the 100 best films in the memory of Egyptian cinema.

I want a solution

The film discussed the tragedy of a woman named “Doria” who suffered the most from her husband’s abuse throughout their 20-year marriage. After disputes with her diplomatic husband, Medhat Seif al-Nasr, intensified due to his bad treatment of her and his multiple women’s relations, and his control over them by refusing to divorce her, Doria resorted to the court to file a divorce case, only to get lost in the long court road full of problems and obstacles that squandered her dignity. She fails to get a divorce after 4 years in court.

The film stars Faten Hamama, Rushdi Abaza, and Amina Rizk. It is written by Hosn Shah, and directed by Saeed Marzouk. It occupies the 19th place in the list of the 100 best films in the memory of Egyptian cinema. After the film was made, it contributed to reconsidering the personal status laws related to divorce and the house of obedience and allowing the Egyptian wife the right to divorce.

The wife of an important man

The film dealt with the violence and humiliation of the young wife “Mona” from her bossy policeman husband, “Hisham Abu Al-Wafa”. Where she discovers after marriage that he is mentally ill because of his mistreatment of her. Where he deliberately insults her constantly and imposes his authority on her. Then her life with him turns into hell after he was referred to the pension, when he beats her, and when she asked for her father’s help to get rid of him, “Hisham” shot his father-in-law, then shot himself.

The film stars Ahmed Zaki and Mervat Amin. It is written by Raouf Tawfiq and directed by Muhammad Khan. It occupies the 30th place in the list of the 100 best films in the memory of Egyptian cinema.

Obedience Ultimatum

The film presented the story of Amina, a university student who loves her neighbor, Ibrahim Shaheen, a young lawyer. Due to his faltering financial circumstances, she marries him by common law. With time, her mother agrees to her engagement to Salah, and when Amina refuses, she receives a severe beating from her cruel mother. After Ibrahim learned of her engagement to another person, he decided to use violence to maintain his love for her, even if it came to hurting her. So he brought a case against her and asked her in the house of obedience, using an answer she had written to him acknowledging their customary marriage. When the obedience ultimatum reached Amina’s house, she was subjected to all forms of physical violence at the hands of her family members. She was also subjected to an attempted rape by her fiancé, “Salah”.

The film stars Laila Elwi, Mahmoud Hamida and Hassan Mowafi. It is written by Khaled Al-Banna, and directed by Atef Al-Tayeb.

Girls' Secrets

The film exposed one of the worst types of physical violence against women, female circumcision, through the story of “Yasmine,” a teenage girl who had an incomplete sexual relationship with her neighbor “Shadi,” which led to her pregnancy while she was still a virgin. After nine months in which the girl hid her pregnancy, she gave birth to her daughter at her aunt’s house, who rushed her to the hospital in a state of astonishment and disbelief from the whole family and a feeling of embarrassment and fear of scandal on the part of her parents. He also violated the ethics and rules of the medical profession to implement his extremist personal beliefs and tendencies, when he performed a circumcision on her, without consulting her family or obtaining their consent, with a desire to punish her for her deed, and thinking that circumcision would make her control her instincts, despite considering What he did is against the law.

The film stars Maya Shiha, Sherif Ramzy, Ezzat Abu Auf, Dalal Abdel Aziz, and Sawsan Badr. It is written by Azza Shalaby, and directed by Magdy Ahmed Ali.


The film dealt with a type of physical violence against women represented in sexual harassment, through the stories of three women from different environments, who fall victim to harassment. The film reviews the impact of that transgression on the feelings of each of them, the impact it has had on their lives, and how they deal with the harasser and society. The first lady, “Saba”, formed an association to teach women to defend themselves against harassment, after her husband abandoned her and lost her fetus. The second, “Nelly”, insists on making a report for the harasser, despite the rejection of her family and the family of her fiancé for fear of society’s view of her. The third is, “Fayza”, is in a bad psychological state that makes her refuse to approach her husband, and decides to take revenge and defend herself by stabbing a harasser in a sensitive area.

The film stars Nelly Karim, Bushra, Nahid El Sebaei, Majed El Kadwany, and Basem Samra. It is written and directed by Mohamed Diab. The film, after its screening, contributed to activating the harassment law, and made the punishment for the harasser up to 3 years in prison.

صورة 1

On Asmahan’s birthday… Learn about the most prominent stations in the life of the princess of singing and singing

On November 25, the birthday of the artist Asmahan, who captured the hearts of the masses with the beauty of her face, kind smile and sweet voice, will be celebrated. Everyone predicted her a great future, but their predictions were dashed and her career ended early. Despite her few years of life and her short artistic career, she has reserved a great place for herself among the stars, and has become one of the classics of Egyptian and Arab art. Since she was the descendant of a family of princes, she inherited the emirate from them, so critics called her the “Princess of Singing and Singing” and “Princess of the Mountain”. On her birthday, we review with you in this report the most prominent stations in Asmahan’s artistic and personal life.

Her Birth & Early Life

Asmahan, whose original name was Amal Fahd Ismail al-Atrash, was born on November 25, 1912, on a steamer heading from Turkey to Beirut. She is the sister of the artist Farid al-Atrash, her father is a Druze from Jabal al-Druze in Syria, and her mother, Princess Alia al-Mundhir, was a Lebanese Druze. After the Great Syrian Revolution, she was forced to flee with her children from Syria, so she traveled to Egypt, where she resided in the Faggala area, and went through harsh conditions that forced her to work as a singer in weddings and private parties, so that she could raise her children.

Early Works

Asmahan’s artistic start came when the great musician Daoud Hosni was visiting the home of the artist Farid Al-Atrash, and he heard her singing by chance and admired her voice. He decided to change her name, so he called her “Asmahan”, which belongs to a singer who died in her prime before becoming famous. In 1931, Asmahan began to sing with her brother in the “Mary Mansour” casino on Emad El Din Street, and she began to become famous and her star shined in the sky of Arabic song. Some considered her a strong competitor to Umm Kulthum. But she retired from art for several years, because of her marriage and her return to Syria.

Three spouses, one of whom is a common-law marriage

Asmahan complied with her family’s marriage traditions, and married her cousin, Prince Hassan al-Atrash, in 1934. At the request of her older brother Fouad, who was at odds with her because of his refusal to work in art with their brother, the artist Farid al-Atrash. Asmahan moved to Syria to settle in Jabal al-Druze with her husband, and became the princess of the mountain for 6 years, during which she gave birth to her only daughter, Camelia. But disagreements erupted between them and a separation occurred, so she returned to Egypt. In 1941, Asmahan met the director, Ahmed Badrakhan, and married him according to the common law, because of the Egyptian laws that prevented any legal authority from marrying an Egyptian to a foreigner. The marriage quickly fell apart, and ended in divorce only 40 days later. As for her last husband, director Ahmed Salem, they married while they were on a visit to Jerusalem. It is said that she wanted to marry him so that she could regain the Egyptian nationality that she had lost when she married Prince Hassan al-Atrash. But because of her rebellion and independence, Asmahan refused the restrictions that he imposed on her, and disagreements erupted between them because of his exaggerated jealousy. One day, a sharp dispute arose between them, and Ahmed Salem pointed the weapon in her face, which made her ask the police to rescue her from him, and then they divorced.

Collaboration with British intelligence

In 1941 Asmahan cooperated with British intelligence, after British government officials asked her to help bring down the pro-German Vichy French government. By exploiting her Druze origin to persuade the leaders of the Druze Mountain not to attack the British armies, and to allow its forces to enter Syria and Lebanon, in return for Britain’s pledge to liberate them. With the help of her ex-husband, Hassan al-Atrash, Ismahan was able to carry out the task entrusted to her. Then to discover the deception of Britain, which decided to divide Syria and Lebanon on the Allied forces. At that point, Asmahan was accused of treason by her family and her country, and she wanted to avenge her dignity by contacting the Germans to agree on landing German forces on the Syrian coast to eliminate the Allied forces. However, British intelligence tracked her down, arrested her and placed her under house arrest in Beirut, until Asmahan managed to escape to Jerusalem and then returned to Cairo.

Entering the world of cinema

Asmahan returned to Egypt after her separation from her first husband in 1939, to return to the life of art. The fame she achieved as a singer helped her enter the world of cinema and acting. In 1941, she presented her first film, “The Victory of Youth”, in which she acted and sang with the participation of her brother Farid al-Atrash. During it, they presented the operetta “A Night in Andalusia”, the first lyrical operetta known to Egyptian cinema.

Her body appears in a movie

In 1944, Asmahan presented her second and last movie, “Love and Revenge”, with the giants of art, Youssef Wehbe, Anwar Wagdy, Mahmoud El-Meligy, and Bechara Wakim. In it, she presented some of her best songs, including “When Will You Know” and “Nights of enchantment in Vienna”. Asmahan died in a mysterious accident before the filming of the movie ended. Forcing Youssef Wehbe to bring in an alternative actress to complete filming the remaining scenes. He also insisted on showing Asmahan’s real body in the last scene of the movie, before burying her.

She predicted where she will die

Asmahan passed away on July 14, 1944, at the age of 32. The mystery of her death bore many doubts and question marks. It is said that she predicted the place of her death when she passed by it four years before the accident, and she was terrified when she heard the sound of the engines of the steam irrigation machine next to the canal, so she said to her friend, journalist Muhammad Al-Tabi’i, editor-in-chief of the magazine “Akher Sa’a”, who was accompanying her at the time: “Whenever I hear such chimes, I imagine that they are funeral tambourines, and I feel that death is near to me.”

As for the details of her death, it goes back to the time when she was filming the movie “Love and Revenge” in the summer of 1944, when she asked the film’s producer and hero, actor Youssef Wehbe, to travel to Ras El Bar to spend a period of rest. Asmahan traveled on the morning of Friday, July 14, accompanied by her friend and business manager Mary Colada, and on the road, specifically near the city of Talkha in Dakahlia Governorate, the car veered and the driver lost control of it, and it fell into the Sahel Canal. the incident.

Peculiar death mystery

There were many rumors about the death of Asmahan, and accusations were pointed at many parties and people, as some interpreted her death as a political assassination orchestrated by one of the two sides of World War II, given the political role she played in one of her life periods with the Germans and the English. While some accused her third husband, Ahmed Salem, especially since he had previously shot her before their divorce. There are those who accused her brother, Fouad al-Atrash, and her first husband, Hassan al-Atrash, as they were at odds with her because of her intransigence and rebellion. Rumors also spread to Umm Kulthum, and that she orchestrated the incident because of her desire to remove Asmahan from her path after she became a strong competitor to her. So far, the mystery of Asmahan’s death has not been revealed, despite the passage of nearly 80 years since the accident.

صورة 1

On World Television Day… Learn about the history of television broadcast in Egypt

On November 21, the world celebrates World Television Day, in celebration of the anniversary of the first World Television Forum held by the United Nations at its headquarters in New York on November 21 and 22, 1996. Where prominent figures in the media field met to discuss the increasing importance of television and its role in changing the world, and to find a way to enhance mutual cooperation between the peoples of the world through this media.

The selection of the United Nations as an international day to celebrate television is in recognition of its great role in the dissemination of knowledge, and its desire to transform it from a tool to convey information to public opinion and influence it, into a means that plays an effective role in the social upbringing of young generations, as well as using it to advance countries socially and culturally.

The emergence of television globally and in the Arab world

The American city of New York was the first to know the television transmission service, on August 12, 1928. It used to be for two hours a day, 3 days a week. The National Broadcasting Corporation, NBC, began broadcasting silent images alongside its radio programmes. In 1939 the agency began the first regular television broadcast in the United States, and its first program was an animation programme.

In 1935, Germany knew for the first time the television broadcasting service. While Britain was the first to provide regular television service in 1936, through the BBC, the first institution to provide live broadcasts outside closed studios, broadcasting from Alexandra Palace in London. France was able to make its first television transmission from the Eiffel Tower in 1939. In the same year, television broadcasting began for the first time in Moscow in 1939, and the Soviets took advantage of their leadership in the field of space in transmitting via satellite, and the Moscow station became one of the first television stations to broadcast its programs by satellite to the world.

On the Arab level, Iraq was the first Arab country to know a television transmission service in 1954, when the first Arabic-speaking television station was established in the world. At that time, broadcasting was limited to Baghdad, before it included other areas such as Basra, Mosul and Kirkuk. Then Algeria opened the Algerian TV channel in 1956, which targeted the French community in Algeria, and its broadcast was limited to only three cities: Algiers, Oran and Constantine. Then comes Lebanon, which inaugurated its official television building in 1957, but television broadcasting was delayed until 1959.

Egyptian TV

Egypt was one of the first countries to adopt the idea of television. Where the French Radio and Television Industry conducted the first experiment in television production in Egypt in 1951, when it filmed the festivals held on the occasion of the marriage of King Farouk and Queen Nariman. And the company showed it on a local evening, after it placed the receivers in some clubs in Cairo.

After 3 years, specifically in 1954, Salah Salem, Minister of National Guidance, proposed to President Gamal Abdel Nasser the establishment of a new radio house and television station on Mokattam Mountain. This is what happened, and Egypt took the decision to start broadcasting Egyptian television in 1956, but due to the political circumstances at the time, which were represented by the tripartite aggression, the decision to start broadcasting was delayed until 1959. Where a contract was signed between Egypt and the American Broadcasting Corporation R.C.A, aiming to provide Egypt with a television transmission network, and to send Egyptian missions to train media cadres at the R.C.A Institute in New York State. The establishment of the Radio and Television Center “Maspero” was completed in 1960, which is one of the oldest television institutions in the world.

The first broadcast in Egypt

Egyptian television began transmitting it with one channel, and its experimental broadcast began at seven o’clock in the evening on July 21, 1960, coinciding with the celebration of the eighth anniversary of the July Revolution, so that the first thing Egyptians watched on television was Egypt’s slogan “Eagle”, and broadcasting began with the then Nationa Anthem. “Now we meet again, my weapon,” which was the national anthem for Egypt after the tripartite aggression.

After that, Sheikh Muhammad Siddiq Al-Minshawi recited some verses of the Noble Qur’an. Radio broadcaster Salah Zaki was the first TV presenter to appear on the screen to announce the birth of Arab TV from Cairo. After that, the television broadcast the speech of President Gamal Abdel Nasser in front of the National Assembly on the occasion of the celebrations of the revolution, followed by the radio broadcast of a group of patriotic songs for the great singers, and the linking paragraphs between them were performed on the radio station Hemmat Mustafa .

The first pilot broadcast of Egyptian TV lasted for 6 hours, and was limited to one channel only. The broadcast stopped the next day, so that the Egyptian television was officially opened on Saturday, July 23, 1960. On the same day the following year, broadcast time was extended to 13 hours per day. And the second TV channel began to be broadcast, to be a window on foreign cultures.

The beginning of the color transmission

After the end of the October 1973 war, Egypt began the largest operation to renew transmitters, converting television broadcasts from black and white to colors under the SECAM system, and Egyptian television began broadcasting its color transmission on September 9, 1976. Further improvements were made, and the Egyptian television broadcasting changed again from the SECAM system to the PAL system in 1992.

Regional Ring Road

With the beginning of the eighties, Egyptian television witnessed an engineering and geographical expansion of the field of television coverage. In 1985, the idea of regional channels began, and the transmission of Egyptian television reached all governorates of the country, so the third channel was established, which addresses the Greater Cairo Region (Cairo, Giza, Qalyubia). In 1988, the fourth channel was launched, which addresses the Suez Canal region and includes (Ismailia, Suez, Port Said and Sharqia). In 1990, the experimental broadcast of Channel Five began, which addresses the Alexandria region and includes (Alexandria, Beheira and Matrouh). In 1994, the sixth channel was launched to address the central delta region (Gharbia, Dakahlia, Menoufia, Kafr El-Sheikh and Damietta). In the same year, Channel Seven began broadcasting to address the governorates of northern Upper Egypt (Bani Suef, Minya, Fayoum and Assiut). In 1996, the eighth channel was opened to address the governorates of southern Upper Egypt (Sohag, Qena, Aswan and Luxor).

The era of satellite channels

On December 12, 1990, Egypt began broadcasting the first governmental Arab satellite channel, the “Egyptian Satellite Channel”, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Television Network of the Radio and Television Union. Then the second Egyptian satellite channel appeared, which started as an encrypted channel and entered the paid media in 1996

On May 31, 1998, the experimental broadcast of the specialized Nile channels began, which included 12 channels ranging from sports, news, variety, family, children, health, education and culture.

The struggle of TV and online platforms

The spread of technology in our contemporary society has left a huge impact on traditional media such as radio, television and the press. However, despite the spread of electronic media, especially among young people and young adults, television is still a preferred media for a large segment of people, especially the elderly, as they consider electronic platforms as a tool for interaction between individuals and the expression of private opinions, and not as a means to obtain news with great credibility. . It certainly does not make up for family members gathering together to watch a new series or the evening movie.

صورة 1

On International Student’s Day… Films that discussed the problems of education in Egypt

Cinema is a mirror that reflects what is going on in reality. It is a tool to shed light on important issues related to members of society, in an attempt to reshape human consciousness and bring about a change in the behavior of society. In a large number of its films, Egyptian cinema has been keen on addressing students’ lives, issues and problems of education in Egyptian society. Some of the films were intended to convey an important message, shed light on issues that the education system suffers from, or talk about a negative phenomenon taking place in the school corridors. Some of them content themselves with presenting the problems of education and students from a satirical standpoint, without finding radical solutions to them. On the occasion of the celebration of International Student Day or International Student Day on November 17, let us review with you the artworks that discussed the most prominent problems of education in Egyptian cinema.

My beautiful Teacher 1971

The film monitors the bad behavior of high school students, and their moral corruption in an important and dangerous stage of her life, which is the stage of adolescence. Through “Nadia” a chemistry teacher, who moves to work from Mansoura to Cairo, and she suffers both problems with the troubled class students, who she tried to tame and modify their behavior, but they sign between her and her sister “Aisha” when they convince “Aisha” of the existence of a relationship between her sister and her fiancé. A group of students kidnap “Nadia” and try to attack her if the police had not arrived. In order to preserve their future, she refuses to accuse them of kidnapping her, so their behavior changes and she finally succeeds in taming them. The film starring Hind Rostom, Hussein Fahmy, Saeed Saleh and Salah Al-Saadani, written by Rashad Hegazy and Mohamed Mustafa Sami, and directed by Ibrahim Emara.

Hooligans School 1973

The film presented one of the problems of education in Egypt, which is represented in the morally corrupt and troubled students, who do not care about their studies or their future. Ms. Afaf begins to deal with the students in a different way from the previous teachers, until she succeeded in disciplining and controlling them, and gained their trust after giving each of them an opportunity to develop his talent, and was able to make them study their lessons. The film starring Abdel Moneim Madbouly, Mervat Amin, Nour El Sharif, Mohamed Awad, George Sidhom and Youssef Fakhreddine, written by Ali Salem and directed by Hossam El Din Mostafa.

Peasant at the American University 1998

The film discusses in a comic framework the life of university students and the fundamental differences in their character and behavior, and touched on some social and political issues that concern them, as well as the problems of foreign education in Egypt. Through the story of “Khalaf Al-Dahshoury Khalaf,” a student from Upper Egypt receives a scholarship to study at the American University, and there he meets a different class of people, which changes his view of things. The film stars Mohamed Henedy, Mona Zaki, Ahmed El Sakka, Hani Ramzy, Ghada Adel and Tariq Lotfi, written by Medhat El-Adl, and directed by Wahid Hamed.

Principal Salahuddin 2000

The film sheds light on some of the problems of the education system in Egypt, such as administrative corruption in private schools, the phenomenon of bullying and students’ abuse of teachers. And that is through “Salah al-Din Ashour”, a failed young man who did not obtain a secondary certificate, yet he finds himself as a headmaster of Ashour’s schools, succeeding his father. He leaves the responsibility to the corrupt school agent who runs the school for his own account. The film also touched on the low educational level of students, and the lack of interest in appointing specialized and qualified teachers. The film starring Alaa Wali Al-Din, Hisham Selim, Ahmed Helmy and Hassan Hosni, and written and directed by Sherif Arafa.

The Student Boss 2004

The film reviewed educational corruption in private universities, whether the students’ behavioral and moral corruption and their disregard for the importance of education, or the administrative corruption of the university president and employees. And that is through the officer “Basiouni” who is assigned to hide among the students of a private university, with the aim of revealing the drug trade among the students, only to discover that the university is the main driver of that trade. The film stars Karim Abdel Aziz, Ghada Adel, Ramez Jalal, Mohamed Ragab and Maha Ahmed, written by Bilal Fadl, and directed by Wael Ihsan.

Ramadan Mubarak Abul Alamein Hamouda 2008

The film touched on the problems of education in a funny, comic way, by comparing a public school in the countryside and a private school in the city. Through the personality of Professor “Ramadan” who refuses private lessons and does not care about money, and is used to discipline and respect for students in his first school. However, he is surprised by the different treatment of students in the second school, where chaos spreads, and the teacher loses his prestige and his role fades in light of the students’ dependence on private lessons. The film also touched upon the issue of illiteracy for the elderly, during its events. The film starring Mohamed Henedy, Sirin Abdel Nour, Ezzat Abu Auf, Sirin Abdel Nour and Amir Al-Masry, written by Youssef Maati, and directed by Wael Ihsan.

All three are liars 2010

The film discussed an important issue that is the direct cause behind many of the problems facing education in Egypt, which is the method of education that relies on blind memorization without understanding or realizing. And that is through the character of the first “Najiba” in high school, who is forced to work as a teacher for the primary stage. Because of her wrong study method and upbringing, she influences female students to become copies of her. Until she pays attention to herself and decides to become a responsible personality and instills in the students the necessity of understanding before blind memorization. The film starring Yasmine Abdel Aziz, Salah Abdullah, Hala Fakher, Nidal Al-Shafei and Amir Al-Masry, written by Youssef Maati and directed by Ali Idris.

EUC 2011

The film dealt with the journey of a group of high school students who failed to achieve a high score, and therefore were unable to enter the university, so they decided to establish their own fake university, so that they would not face a wave of anger from their families because of this failure. Young people are surprised by the desire of many other students to enter the university, thinking that it is true, but because of their adolescence and not thinking about their future, they did not care that there were no professors to teach and no accredited curriculum. As events unfold, the reality of the fictitious university becomes clear and is subject to the Ministry of Higher Education, so that students discover many negatives in the education system in Egypt. The film stars Karim Kassem, Amr Abed and Mohamed Salam, written by Omar Gamal, and directed by Akram Farid.

No blame 2014

The film discusses an important issue of education in Egypt, which is the great difference between private and public schools. And that is through the character of “Hani”, a middle school student whose father suddenly dies, and because of the debts on his mother, she is forced to transfer him from his private school to a public school. To be surprised by incompetent teachers, inhumane toilets, overcrowded classrooms, and lower-class students, as well as manifestations of violence between students in the school, and the moral decline of some students, which amounted to harassment in their school. Because of “Hani”‘s desire to integrate with the new society and consolidate his relationship with the rest of his colleagues, he decided not to reveal his Christian religion, and claimed that he was a Muslim. The film stars Kinda Alloush, Hani Adel and Ahmed Dash, and is written and directed by Amr Salama.

صورة 1

Mona Zaki and Ahmed Helmy .. Birth date, love at first sight, and 7 artworks brought them together

November 18, the birthday of two of the most famous couples in the artistic community, Mona Zaki and Ahmed Helmy. Where Ahmed was born on this day in 1969 in the city of Banha, while Mona was born on the same day in 1976 in Cairo Governorate. On the occasion of their birthday, let us learn about the love story that united their hearts, in addition to the artworks that brought them together on screen.

Love at first sight.

The love story between the two began when Ahmed Helmy was at the beginning of his artistic career, and he was presenting a television program for children, and he admired Mona Zaki as an actress only. One day, producer Mohamed Fawzy called him and asked to meet him to agree on a new play, so Helmy went to him after he finished filming the program, and his appearance was untidy and his clothes were dirty, and when he entered his office, he was surprised by the presence of Mona Zaki, and he could not control himself from happiness and fell in love with her immediately. However, he was nervous about his appearance until the end of the session, until Helmy thought that he would not get the role, but two days later he was surprised by another call to schedule a new working session.

After that, the two became close friends, and with time Helmy confirmed his love for her, but he remained reluctant to be honest with her, until Mona Zaki traveled to South Africa to shoot the movie “African”, so he told her his feelings and understood from her reaction that she exchanged the same feelings with him, but she asked him to wait until She returns from travel and paves the way for her father.

Indeed, the two married on May 4, 2002, and the following year they gave birth to their daughter, “Li Li”, and in 2014 they had their second son, “Saleem” and their third son, “Younis” in 2016.

Films they both participated in

There are many artworks that Ahmed Helmy collected with his wife Mona Zaki. It left an impression in the minds and hearts of viewers, making them ask the duo for many years to repeat that experience and share together in one artwork. Although the duo confirmed from time to time that they were about to participate in a work of art, this did not happen for many years.

Omar 2000

In 2000, Ahmed Helmy and Mona Zaki presented the movie “Omar 2000” in partnership with Khaled Al-Nabawi, Mona Lisa and Mohamed Ragab. Helmy played a small role, as he was at the beginning of his artistic career. The events of the film revolve around “Omar”, a young man who has reached his thirties, and is dominated by the idea of death after he despairs of his life. On his birthday, he asks his friend to bury him alive to get rid of his worries. While he sleeps, the girl comes to wake him, and he thinks he is dead. Bebo tells him that she was buried alive after a car accident, and when she came out of her grave, she found him in front of her. The events review the various crises experienced by the entire generation.

Why did you make me love you?

In the same year, Ahmed Helmy and Mona Zaki presented the movie “Why did you let me love you?” In partnership with Karim Abdel Aziz and Hala Shiha. The events of the film revolve around a love story that brought together “Dalia” and “Hisham”, but after the girl’s father refused their marriage, the two separated and the young man travels abroad, and returns after years and is linked to another girl, Noha. Hisham and Dalia meet by chance, and after learning of his engagement, she is shocked and regrets leaving him, and is determined to spoil his engagement with the help of her friend Zakaria.

The Danish Experiment

In 2003, the two stars Ahmed Helmy and Mona Zaki appeared with their real personalities as guests of honor in one of the scenes of the movie “The Danish Experience” with Adel Imam, Nicole Saba, Khaled Sarhan and Tamer Hejres, where Ahmed and Mona coincided with their presence in a restaurant during a violent quarrel between a group of work lead actors. The film revolves around “Qadri,” the Minister of Youth and Sports, who suffers from the problems of his four sons. At the same time, he is forced to host “Anita”, the liberal Danish girl, which increases his differences with his children, especially after he falls in love with her and plans to travel with her.

Sleepless nights

In the same year, Ahmed Helmy and Mona Zaki participated in the movie “The Night of the Nights”, which is the last movie in which the duo appeared together. In partnership with a large group of artists, they are Sherif Mounir, Fathi Abdel Wahab, Khaled Abu El Naga, Hanan Turk, Ola Ghanem and Jihan Fadel. The film revolves around the lives of four husbands who gather to attend a birthday party, and after the ceremony, disputes erupt between husbands and their wives, and events escalate with them, after which the four young men decide to travel to Alexandria to enjoy their time and relive the days of old, and after a series of dramatic events they feel that they are no longer reckless youth but rather mature men, Each of them has to realize his mistake and work to fix his relationship with his life partner.

I will beat you

Ahmed Helmy and Mona Zaki participated in presenting a radio series entitled “I will beat you”, which was shown in Ramadan 2010, in partnership with Dalal Abdel Aziz, Rajaa Al-Jeddawi, Hassan Hosni and Edward. The series deals with the relationship between a man and a woman, the differences between them, and the problems they face, in a comic social framework.

Living alone

The duo, Ahmed Helmy and Mona Zaki, repeated the experience of radio series in 2011, where they presented the series “Living Alone”, in partnership with Reham Hajjaj, Abdullah Musharraf, Edward and Diaa Al-Marghani. The series revolves around a romantic comedy framework, and deals with a love story that arises by chance between a young man and a girl, and together they are exposed to many comic situations. The work also addresses the problems facing young people.

Indian Pepper

The last work that the duo Ahmed Helmy and Mona Zaki brought together is a radio series that was shown in Ramadan 2017, and bears the name “Indian Pepper”. In partnership with Sameh Al-Sraiti, Salwa Othman, Muhammad Al-Taji and Noha Adel. The series revolves around an optimistic young man despite the difficulties he faces on his way. He was born and raised in a random neighborhood, but he managed to overcome reality, and was able to finish his university studies and work in jobs that are not related to what he learned, but he does not lose hope for a better future.

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On the birthday of Ahmed Zaki .. Major landmarks in the life of the dean of the Black Panther

On November 18, the birthday of actor Ahmed Zaki, the owner of the exceptional talent who was distinguished by his ability to impersonate the characters he presents. No matter how difficult or complex the roles were, he mastered his impersonation with unparalleled skill. He was able to transfer models of various personalities from reality to the screen, starting from the doorman and driver, to the minister and the president of the republic.

Ahmed Zaki was keen in his films to present important ideas and bold issues, leaving an immortal imprint in the history of cinema, and critics considered him one of the most prominent pioneers of Egyptian cinema. They called him several titles, including “the dark boy, the black panther, the emperor of Egyptian cinema, the Prize hunter”. On his birthday, let us highlight important stations in his life and his distinguished artistic career.

His Birth & Early Life

His full name is Ahmed Zaki Metwally Abdel Rahman Badawi. He was born on November 18, 1949, in the city of Zagazig, Sharkia Governorate. His family suffered from poverty and distress, and his father died young, and when his mother married another man, his grandfather and uncles raised him.

Ahmed Zaki studied at the Industrial School, where he exhibited his artistic talent through school parties, so the school principal advised him to join the Institute of Dramatic Arts to weigh his great talent by studying acting. A privilege, and he was the first in his class.

Early Works

Ahmed Zaki’s first appearance on stage was in 1967 through a play entitled “Hamada and Maha”, and then the play “Hello Shalaby” in 1969. Then he participated in the movie “My Son” in 1972 in front of the artist Farid Shawky. The play “The School of the Rioters” with Adel Imam and Saeed Saleh in 1973.

Ahmed Zaki’s journey towards stardom began with his starring role in the comedy play “Not children anymore” in 1978, while his first leading role in the movie “Shafiqa and Metwally” opposite Soad Hosni in 1979. In the same year, he initiated his television career, playing the role of the dean of Arabic literature, Taha Hussein, in the series “Al-Ayyam”.

Busy career

The dark boy presented many works of art that are still immortal in the minds of viewers, as he presented nearly 80 films, the most important of which are “The Black Panther, The Innocent, The Wife of an Important Man, The Egg and the Stone, Nasser 56, Laugh The Picture Looks Sweet, The Days of Sadat, Halim ” . On television, he participated in 19 series, most notably “The Days, He and She, Birds Without Wings, The Grove of Thorns”. On stage, he perfromed 6 plays, including “Hello Shalaby, the children have grown up”.

Movie songs

In addition to Ahmed Zaki’s unique talent in acting, singing had a role in his career. Where he presented many interesting songs in his films, which the audience still hears and sings until now. Despite his voice that does not resemble the voices of singers, Ahmed Zaki succeeded in performing comedic songs, the most famous of which were “I’m in the Labora” in the movie “Caporia”, and “Istakuza” in the movie of the same name. And in the movie “Mr. Karate”, he sang many songs, including “Oh, Donia, girl of the eh”, “Drum you dance” and “Oh country, why did you love you?”

During the events of the movie “The Egg and the Stone”, he performed the songs “Al-Darbandukh” and “Al-Hajays”, which strongly expressed the development of his character in the film. And we can’t forget the song “Ana Bayh” from the movie “Al-Bayh Al-Bawab”. He was also able to brilliantly embody the role of a singer in the movie “Hysteria” without using the voice of a real singer, and he himself performed two of the most difficult songs of Umm Kulthum, “I ask your soul” and “Wasfoli patience”, in addition to the song “Mal Al Qamar Malha” by Muhammad Fawzy. . The touching song “Even if you can’t laugh don’t cry”, which he sang in the same movie, remains stuck in the audience’s mind to this day. In addition, Ahmed Zaki participated in singing the titers of the series “He and She” alongside Cinderella Soad Hosni, and in one of the episodes he sang a sad song entitled “Stay Strong”.

The disagreement between the emperror and the leader

Ahmed Zaki and Adel Imam had a large audience, and their fans wished to see them in one artwork after the “Hooligans School”, but this play is the first and last work that brought together the two stars. This is due to the differences that erupted between them at the time, and the artistic career of the brown boy continued for more than 30 years, as well as after his death. The differences had begun in the scenes of the play, where Adel Imam and the rest of the artists used to ridicule and provoke Ahmed Zaki, especially as he is strongly influenced and quick to anger. Artistic jealousy was also one of the reasons for the dispute between the two stars, as Adel Imam wished to be in the same talent as Ahmed Zaki, while the emperor wished to achieve the same revenues that the leader achieves in his films.

In addition, Ahmed Zaki, in his press interviews, attacked Adel Imam, accusing him of spoiling the public’s taste because of the quality of the films he presents. On the other hand, Adel Imam takes advantage of Ahmed Zaki’s fear of illness and death, so he keeps talking about them whenever chance brings them together, until it causes him tension and annoyance. Even after the death of the Black Panther, the impact of these disagreements continued. During Haitham Ahmed Zaki’s participation with Adel Imam in the series “Professor and Head of Department,” Adel Imam mocked late Ahmed Zaki several times, which Haitham did not accept, so the leader apologized to him and kissed his head in front of everyone. .


Destiny played a strange coincidence between Ahmed Zaki and Adel Imam, as many of the roles that Adel Imam played, Ahmed Zaki had been nominated first and vice versa. Including the movie “Birds of Darkness”, which the writer Waheed Hamed presented to Ahmed Zaki first, so he asked him to embody the character “Fatehi Nofal”, but Waheed Hamed nominated Adel Imam for this character, and Ahmed Zaki for the character of “Ali Al-Zanati”, the emperor refused to complete the film. As well as the movie “Al-Bayah Al-Bawab”, in which Adel Imam filmed some of its scenes, then disagreed with the producer, so that the film went to Ahmed Zaki. Ahmed Zaki also recorded the introduction to the movie “The Professional”, but due to his dispute with director Muhammad Khan, the role went to Adel Imam. As for the movie “Love in the Dungeon”, Ahmed Zaki contracted to star in it in front of Ferdous Abdel Hamid. One day, the two were surprised that the film was being filmed by the artists Adel Imam and Soad Hosni.

Awards and Honors

Ahmed Zaki has received many awards, most notably a prize for the movie “Bird on the Road” from the Cairo International Film Festival, an award for the movie “Eyes That Never Sleeps” from the Film Association, and an award for the movie “One Woman is Not Enough” from the Alexandria Festival And an award for the film “Caporia” from the Cairo International Film Festival. In the list of the 100 best Egyptian films, he has 6 films, which are “The Innocent, The Wife of an Important Man, Love Over the Pyramid Hill, Alexandria Les, Hind’s Dreams, Camelia and Sons of Silence”, making him the third most artist with artworks on the list.

His Personal life

Ahmed Zaki married the artist Hala Fouad in 1983, after a great love story, and he had his only son, Haitham. But their marriage did not last long because of Hala Fouad’s desire to continue working in art, which was rejected by Ahmed Zaki, who wanted his wife to retire from acting and devote herself to raising their son, and establishing a large stable family. Where Ahmed Zaki suffered in his childhood from the feeling of being an orphan and loneliness, and deprivation of the warmth of home and family, and he did not want his son to suffer from the same feeling.

The Makeup artist Mohamed Ashoub stated that Ahmed Zaki tried to commit suicide when he received the news of Hala Fouad’s death, and he fell into a state of hysteria because of his grief over her passing, and he kept repeating: “I am the one who killed her.” On more than one occasion, Ahmed Zaki confirmed that Hala Fouad was the love of his life, which he lost because of stubbornness. Therefore, he did not marry after their separation, despite her marriage to businessman Ezz El-Din Barakat

Illness Cancer and vision loss

Ahmed Zaki was a heavy smoker, which made him develop lung cancer, and he lived through a harsh struggle with the disease that lasted nearly a year before his death. The doctor treating him revealed that he had lost his sight before his death, because his cancer had caused pressure on the optic nerve and left him blind. However, Ahmed Zaki resorted to a trick so that no one would know about his loss of sight, as he was dealing normally as if he saw, and he was holding newspapers and pretending to read. Some of his fellow artists knew about this but did not tell him out of respect for his wish.


The giant Ahmed Zaki passed away on March 27, 2005 at the age of 55, after a long struggle with cancer that had spread to the lung and liver. This is after an artistic career full of valuable cinematic works, which remained stuck in the conscience of the Egyptians.

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On the birthday of Hind Rostom… Major landmarks in the life of the Marline Monroe of the East

November 12 marks the 90th birthday of Marilyn Monroe of the East, artist Hend Rostom. The star who shone in the art sky since the beginning of her entry into the field, and has become an icon of seduction in Egyptian cinema, and the girl of many men’s dreams for decades. And on her birthday, let’s get acquainted together with the most prominent stations in the life of Hind Rostom.

Her birth and Early Life

Her real name is Nariman Hussein Murad Rostom. She was born on November 12, 1931, in the Muharram Bey neighborhood of Alexandria, into an aristocratic family consisting of a Turkish father and an Egyptian mother. She studied at Saint Vincent de Paul School, then moved to Cairo in 1946, after her parents divorced and her mother remarried.

Coincidence played a role in her artistic debut

Hind Rostom’s artistic start came by chance. In 1947, she and a friend of hers went to the acting tests set up by the United Film Company to choose a group of new faces to participate in the movie “Flowers and Thorns”. She impressed the director, who chose her to present a small role in front of the artist, Yahya Shaheen.

In 1949, Hind Rostom presented the role of extras in the movie “Ghazl Al Banat”. Where she appeared for two minutes while riding a horse behind Laila Mourad in the song “Stride along horses”. Then she presented many small roles until she began her stardom journey with director Hassan Imam, who presented her in a number of films that had great success, such as “Ibn Hamido, Struggle in the Nile, You are my love, Bab Al-Hadid, Word of Honor, Sayed Darwish, Al-Hilweh Aziza.” .

Diverse artistic career

Because of the beauty of her features, her slender figure, and her intense attractiveness, Hind Rostom was famous in Egyptian cinema for playing seductive roles, but she did not drift into the abyss of depravity and extortion. Among the most famous of those roles were “Struggle in the Nile, Spreading Love, I Don’t Sleep, Ibn Hamido”. Therefore, critics and the public called her several titles, including “Marilyn Monroe of the East” and “Queen of Temptation”, a title that Hind Rostom hated and rebelled against.

The secret of her special gait

Hind Rostom gave a press interview with Akher Saa’a magazine in 1975, in which she revealed her rejection of the title “Queen of Seduction” because it limits her to this role only, while she believes that she presented many other important roles. Hind Rostom confirmed that she does not resort to nudity to provoke the audience, but rather performs scenes of excitement based on certain movements and looks that have a stronger effect than nudity. She also indicated that her distinctive sexy gait, which critics talk about as one of the temptation factors that Hind Rostom resorts to, is not intentional or deliberate at all. Rather, it is the result of a car accident in which she was injured and resulted in a permanent disability that made her walk in this way.

A clever trick to get rid of a fan

Hind Rostom had a strange comic situation with a fan, as she got rid of his annoyance with a clever trick. When she was spending her summer vacation in Alexandria, and while she was on the seashore, she was surrounded by a rich young man belonging to a well-known family in Alexandria, and the young man kept chasing her until Hind Rostom annoyed him, and she knew He recently broke off his engagement to one of the girls in order to get close to her, as she was aware of the new house that the girl’s family had rented. She thought of a smart life in order to get rid of the young man’s pursuit of her, so she responded and admired him and gave him her father’s address to ask for her hand, and when the young man went, he was surprised that it was the new home of his former fiancée instead of the house of Hind Rostom’s father. After they were surprised, the young man spoke to the girl, and they were engaged again, and he stopped chasing Hind Rostom. Moreover, the young man and the girl went to visit her after their marriage to thank her for having reconciled them.

Personal life

At the beginning of her artistic life, Hind Rostom married director Hassan Reda, and the married life between them lasted for 5 years, and she gave birth to her only daughter, Basant, but she separated from him during her pregnancy. After her mother’s death from cancer, Hind Rostom became obsessed with contracting the same disease, and she met Dr. Muhammad Fayyad, a gynecologist, who helped her overcome her fear of illness, and the two exchanged feelings of love and married in 1961. And she lived with him the most beautiful years of her life until his death in 2009.

Quitting Acting

Hind Rostom stayed away from the spotlight while she was at the height of her fame, and disappeared from view at the height of her stardom, so she presented her last work in 1979, the movie “My Life is Torment”, after which she decided to retire from art permanently. Her husband, Dr. Muhammad Fayyad, was a reason for her retirement from art, because she wanted to take care of him. She wanted to be the wife who was waiting for her husband to return from work, to provide him with comfort and attention at home. After her great stardom, she did not mind working after her retirement as a secretary to her husband who organizes his patients’ appointments, and she did not feel annoyed because he left her in the middle of the night to follow up on patients or perform urgent operations.

Her death.

After the death of her husband, Dr. Muhammad Fayyad, in 2009, Hind Rostom fell into a state of severe depression, until she suffered a severe heart attack and died on August 8, 2011, at the age of 80. Leaving behind a large artistic balance of nearly 100 films.


Between comedy and drama..works that discussed the phenomenon of spinsterhood and delayed marriage

Years ago, the saying “a man is better than a home” was a kind of pressure that society puts on a girl to marry before she gets old and becomes a “spinster” or an “old maid”. Where society views the unmarried female as deficient or guilty, as if the girl is not complete and her entity is not realized except through marriage.

Despite the discussion of the phenomenon of spinsterhood and the delay in the age of marriage in the cinema and on television, many films and series have contented themselves with presenting the phenomenon in a satirical way, while very few works have shed light on the causes of this phenomenon. In light of this, the cinema was unable to find solutions to the problem that had afflicted girls and their families for many years. Instead of treating the misconceptions associated with the idea of marriage, and changing the idea of considering the delay in marriage a stain on the forehead of the girl, she contented herself with trying to propose individual solutions to confront the phenomenon of spinsterhood.

In this article, we will discuss in more detail the film and television works that presented the phenomenon of spinsterhood within its events.

Ibn Hamido movie

Comedy movie reviewed the phenomenon of spinsterhood in a funny way. Through the character “Hamida”, played by the artist Zeinat Sedky. She is the older sister whose marriage has been delayed and is trying to find a groom by any means, so as not to be a reason to delay her younger sister’s marriage. Zeinat Sedky has presented the character of the spinster girl in several films, the most famous of which are “The Street of Love” and “My wife’s groom”.

The film stars Ismail Yassin, Ahmed Ramzy, Hend Rostom, Zeinat Sedky, Abdel Fattah Al-Qasry, written by Abbas Kamel, and directed by Fatin Abdel Wahab. It was introduced in cinemas in 1957.

A Beginning and an End Movie

A dramatic film that discussed the issue of spinsterhood from a different perspective, reviewing the negative impact that society has on the personality and behavior of the girl who was late in marriage. Through the character of “Nafisa”, the girl who was deprived of the blessing of beauty, which made her fail to find a suitable husband, which caused all the transformations that her character went through after that. As “Nafisa” has become in her heart, she seeks to prove that she is desirable and that she has the right to love and marry, even if that makes her work as a prostitute.

The film stars Amina Rizk, Sana Jamil and Omar Sharif, written by Salah Ezz El-Din and Ahmed Shoukry, and directed by Salah Abu Seif. It was introduced in cinemas in 1960.

A woman from the time of love series

A drama series that discussed many social problems facing the family, such as addiction, unemployment and youth migration. It also touched on the issue of spinsterhood and the pressures that society exerts on girls whose marriage has been delayed, which pushes them to accept any groom, to escape the specter of spinsterhood. Through the character of “Labiba”, who isolated herself because of her late marriage, and everyone accused her of being curious and envious, which made her isolate more and more. After she agreed to marry a man to escape from spinsterhood, she discovers that he married her to serve him and his wife, so her dreams of a happy married life turn into nightmares, and she asks for a divorce.

The series stars Samira Ahmed, Abla Kamel, Youssef Shaaban, Hisham Selim, Mohamed Riad, Karim Abdel Aziz, Yasmine Abdel Aziz and Jihan Fadel, written by Osama Anwar Okasha, and directed by Ismail Abdel Hafez. It was introduced in cinemas in 1998.

The Spinister’s lane series

A social comedy series that discusses the problem of spinsterhood in Egyptian society. Through the psychiatrist “Wajeeda” who lives in a popular neighborhood, she decided to adopt a new way to treat her patients, as she goes to them at home instead of attending the clinic. To discover the suffering of many girls and young men due to the problem of spinsterhood, when she met a girl who refused to marry because she was spending on her brothers after the death of her parents, and when she decided to marry, she did not find anyone to marry her because of her advanced age. Another beautiful girl, but her family’s problems with the residents of the neighborhood delayed her marriage. The series also sheds light on the problem of spinsterhood among men, so we find a man who refused to marry in his youth, and when he decided to marry, he chose a young girl who rejected him, so he became sad and isolated people. Another man was offered to him by a rich woman who had missed the train of marriage to marry her, but he refused so that he would not be a kept man.

The series stars Magda Zaki, Kamal Abu Rayh, Sherine, Nashwa Mustafa and Lotfi Labib, written by Mahdi Youssef, and directed by Samir Ragab. It was introduced in 2006.

Maids at 30 series

A reality series that discusses many social issues, the most important of which is the delay in the age of marriage. By presenting the stories of 10 unmarried girls over the age of thirty, and the feelings and thoughts of each one. The series raises a question about the reason for the delay in marriage, and is it the difficult financial situation, unemployment, the difference between social classes, or the aspirations of girls. In the events of the series, we meet different types of girls with their problems and ambitions, including the TV presenter who seeks to achieve her dreams and ambitions, and with her success at work, she misses the train of marriage. The spoiled girl whose father passed away inherited a large sum of money, which makes her search for a groom with special specifications and free of defects. And an interior designer who loves to go out and travel, until she finds herself over thirty, so she tries to make up for her lack of marriage by being busy with her work.

The series starring Rania Youssef, Manal Salama, Menna Fadali, Randa Al-Behairy, Nada Bassiouni, Amira Fathi, Iman Ayoub and Siham Jalal, written by Mona Noureddine, directed by Taysir Abboud. It was introduced in 2008.

Series Yes I'm Still Single

A drama series that sheds light on the injustice inflicted by society on women whose marriage has been delayed. Through the story of “Amal”, the girl who has not been married for over forty and begins writing her daily diaries to record her suffering with society and people’s views of her, and asks about the name of the spinster and why women are described as only women without men. She also tries to find different ways to change society’s view of the spinster, for this purpose, she refuses to accept marriage with any unsuitable person just to get rid of spinsterhood. During the events, we see the inconveniences that Amal encounters in her daily life, starting with her inability to participate as a working member of the club to practice sports, as the club requires that she be a member of any family. Passing through her colleagues who burdened her ankle with work on the grounds that she is full-time and is only occupied by work. Even her siblings, who refused her frequent outings, travels, and fun times with her friends, under the pretext of fearing for her reputation from people’s conversations. And finally, the official authorities rejected her request to adopt a girl from the shelter, on the grounds that she is unmarried and that the adopted children must live in a family.

The series stars Ilham Shaheen, Menna Fadali, Nashwa Mustafa, Olfat Imam and Tahani Rashid, and written and composed by Azza Ezzat, and directed by Ahmed Yahya. It was introduced in 2010.

I want to get married series

A comedy series that discusses the issue of spinsterhood and the inappropriate groom in a cynical way. Through the personality of the pharmacist “Ola Abdel-Sabour”, who is close to thirty years of age, and wants to settle down and marry a suitable person, especially with the pressures exerted on her by her family and the community around her. Ola’s suffering appears in every episode with the men who propose to her, through bitter realistic situations that appear in a comic manner.

The series stars Hend Sabry, Sawsan Badr, Ahmed Fouad Selim and Raja Hussein. It is written by Ghada Abdel Aal and directed by Ramy Imam. It was introduced in 2010.

More precious than my life series

A social drama that discusses issues of interest to society and the family through the story of the struggling young man “Abdul Rahman” whose father dies in an accident, so he leaves education and takes charge of taking care of his brothers, and works in different jobs to be able to support them. During the events, we meet “Fatima” the uneducated older sister, who struggles with her brother “Abdul Rahman” to raise their sisters, until she reaches an old age without marrying or living a love story.

The series starring Mohamed Fouad, Hanan Mutawa, Ahmed Ratib, Rashwan Tawfiq, Heba Magdy and Tamer Abdel Moneim, written by Mohamed Fouad, and directed by Mustafa Al-Shall. It was introduced in 2010.

The movie “Two Girls from Egypt"

A social film that discusses many issues of concern to females, foremost of which is spinsterhood, customary marriage and anxiety about the unknown future in the absence of the husband. Through a group of girls who delayed their marriage until the fear of spinsterhood became controlling them. They are led by “Dalia” and “Hanan”, who failed to marry more than once, and refuse to have sexual relations outside marriage, even though some of their colleagues do so under the cover of customary marriage. The film reviews the concessions made by girls whose marriages have been delayed under the pressure of a harsh society. We find “Hanan” who has resorted to registering her details in a marriage office, and as the days go by, she makes many concessions regarding the specifications of the required groom. She also agrees, after her engagement, to go with her fiancé to a gynecologist to be sure of her virginity before marrying her. As for Dalia, she suggests to Hanan that you go together to meet one of the potential grooms in the travel hall at Cairo Airport, as he does not have enough time before traveling to meet each girl individually.

The film stars Saba Mubarak, Zina, Tariq Lotfi and Iyad Nassar, and is written and directed by Mohamed Amin. It was introduced in 2010.

Al-Hara series

A social drama series that revolves around the residents of an Egyptian neighborhood, whose personalities varied between those who adhere to the principles and morals they were brought up with, and those who deviate from these customs and traditions. During the events, we bump into one of the neighborhood’s residents, “Laila”, who spent her youth in the political struggle and defending the homeland, and she evaded engagement and marriage, until her age was late and she died in the state of marriage.

The series starring Nelly Karim, Sawsan Badr, Karima Mokhtar, Salwa Khattab, Salwa Muhammad Ali, Salah Abdullah, Mahmoud Abdel-Mughni and Basem Samra, written by Ahmed Abdullah, directed by Sameh Abdel Aziz. It was introduced in 2010.

All Our Neighbors Series

A realistic social drama series that follows the stories of the residents of an apartment building in Heliopolis. It presents different models and personalities from members of society, and discusses issues of interest to the Egyptian family, including the issue of spinsterhood. Through the character of “Dua”, a religiously observant girl who rejects many grooms because they do not agree with her intellectually, and her engagement is annulled several times until her family accuses her of being unlucky. She wanted to get married to escape the pressure of her family and the description of a spinster. We also find “Hala” who faces great pressure from her family to marry before she grows old, but she does not want to go through the experience of marriage and yet dreams of having children, so she agrees with a colleague at work to marry, but it is not a marriage in the traditional sense, but a marriage Just for childbearing, and then they get a divorce without the slightest parental responsibility for the child.

The series stars Dalal Abdel Aziz, Sherine, Hani Adel, Rahma Hussein, Hedy Karam, Sarah Abdel Rahman, and Safa Jalal, written by Heba Yousry, and directed by Ayten Amin. It was introduced in 2017.

“Very Pretty" series - won’t we attend your wedding

The story “Won’t we attend your wedding” within the events of the series “Zay El Qamar” deals with society’s harsh view of the phenomenon of spinsterhood and the delay in girls’ marriage. Through the story of “Amani”, a beautiful girl who enters into a confrontation with society, which views her in an unjust and reactionary way, due to the delay in her marriage.

The series stars Jumana Murad, Abbas Abu Al Hassan, Maha Abu Auf, Hala Fakher, Nermin Zaazaa, Olfat Omar, written by Shahira Salam, and directed by Mohamed Abdel Rahman Hamaki. It was introduced in 2021.

“Very Pretty” Series- the story of We wish you get a baby of your own

The series “Very Pretty” presents a set of separate stories, each of which presents a women’s issue facing women in our eastern societies, and the story of “Aqbal Awadak” dealt with the phenomenon of spinsterhood and its impact on society, and how the delay of girls in marriage affects the family, and how family, friends and society deal with the spinster girl. . Through “Shadia”, the mathematics teacher, who found that her life is wasted in her hands because of her preoccupation with her mother and her family, until the ghost of spinsterhood is chasing her, and she is facing many conflicts and psychological pressures, whether from her family or the people around her.

The series starring Mai Kassab, Hala Fakher and Mohamed Gomaa, written by Hassan Saleh, and directed by Moataz Hosam. It was shown in 2021

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On the centenary of her birth… Learn about the story of a movie that threatened to break the engagement of Princess Fawzia

On November 5, the centenary of the birth of Princess Fawzia, daughter of King Fouad I and Queen Nazli, and sister of King Farouk. She was born in 1921 in Ras El-Tin Palace in Alexandria. She was nicknamed “the most beautiful woman on earth”. She is an Egyptian princess descended from the Muhammad Ali dynasty, and later became the Empress of Iran after she married the Crown Prince of Iran, Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, who became the Shah in 1941.

Princess Fawzia and Muhammad Reza Pahlavi got engaged in May 1938, and they married in a legendary wedding that lasted three consecutive days at Abdeen Palace in Cairo on March 15, 1939. Before the marriage was completed, the crown prince nearly broke off his engagement to Princess Fawzia because of an Egyptian movie called “Laila, the Girl of the Desert.” What is the story of the movie? Why did it cause a political crisis between Egypt and Iran?

The crisis occurred when the movie “Laila, the Girl of the Desert”, written by Mahmoud Hamdi, directed by Mario Volpi and starring Bahija Hafez, Hussein Riad, Zaki Rostom, Abbas Fares, and Raqia Ibrahim, was shown on January 28, 1937. A year after its first launch, the Iranian government sent an official protest against the film’s incidents, as it insulted the history of the ancient Persian king “Kusra Anushirwan”. Where the events of the film revolve around the war between the Persians and the Arabs, and tells the story of “Laila” who was captured by the King of the Persians and confided in her about herself. When she refused, he tortured her, so she sang a poem in which she said: “They beat me on the abode of chastity,” which is the sentence that caused the crisis.

The Iranian ambassador to Egypt, “Mohammed Ali Jam”, contacted the Egyptian royal palace to ban the film. King Farouk personally issued an order to stop and confiscate the film, and to investigate the film’s heroine and producer, Bahija Hafez. A decision that caused the bankruptcy of Bahija, whose tried to use her connections to re-show the film, but the Ministry of Interior refused, and Bahja was subjected to bargaining, as the Ministry of Interior stipulated that some modifications be made to the film and the deletion of all scenes that offend the Persian king, in exchange for agreeing to show it again.

Bahija Hafez rejected the amendments and justified her refusal by saying that the Egyptian censors had approved the film before and after it was filmed. She resorted to the courts, insisting on her right to show the film, and filed a compensation suit against the government, demanding 20,000 pounds in compensation. The case remained before the courts for 6 years. Until some changes occurred in the political arena, as relations between Egypt and Iran became tense after Queen Fawzia left Iran and returned to Cairo in May 1945, and she refused to travel again to Iran, and asked her brother King Farouk to separate from her husband, to obtain a divorce from the King of Iran Muhammad Reza Balhawi. On November 17, 1948.

At that time, Bahja Hafez had succumbed to the orders of the authority and agreed to show the film after making some modifications to it and deleting the offensive scenes, and she also changed the name of the movie to “Laila Al-Badawi”. The film was rerun on March 12, 1944, and failed miserably. Although it won a gold award at the “Berlin International” Festival and the film was praised by art critics and on the pages of newspapers and magazines, the intervention of the authorities led to the collapse of the film. The authority tried to compensate Bahija Hafez for her loss, and gave her the sum of 3,000 pounds, while her losses reached 45,000 pounds.

With regard to Princess Fawzia, she regained her privilidges as an Egyptian princess after her return to Egypt. On March 28, 1949, she married Colonel Ismail Shireen, who was the last minister of war and navy in Egypt before the July 23, 1955 revolution. After the revolution, Princess Fawzia’s money was confiscated and her royal titles were stripped, and she remained residing in Alexandria, until she died on July 2, 2013 at the age of 91, and was buried in Cairo next to her husband, who died in 1994.

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On Shwikar’s birthday… Learn about the most prominent landmarks in the life of the Fair Lady

The Fair Lady, or “the cookie”, who combined acting, singing and performing arts, captivated the hearts of her audience. Her comprehensive talent helped her present various and varied roles, all of which were in light comedies. Her presence on the cinema or television screen sparkled a sense of joy and happiness, and drew a smile on her viewers’ faces. On her birthday, which falls on November 4, let’s get acquainted with the most prominent landmarks in Shwikar’s life.

Her Birth & Early Life

Her full name is Shwikar Ibrahim Tob Thaqal. She was born on November 4, 1938, in the city of Alexandria, to an Egyptian father of Turkish origin and a Circassian mother. She grew up in the Heliopolis area of Cairo, and was educated in French schools, and graduated from the Faculty of Arts, Department of French, and joined the work in the “Ansar al-Tamheel” troupe on the advice of director Hassan Reda, who was a friend of her father.

Early Works

Shwikar’s artistic talents appeared at the age of four, and after joining the “Ansar al-Amthel” band, she received acting lessons from Abdel Wareth Asser and Muhammad Tawfiq. In 1960, she was nominated to participate in the movie “My Only Love” in front of Omar Sharif and Nadia Lutfi. Then the movie “The Love of the Masters” in 1961 in front of Ahmed Mazhar, Omar Sharif and Lubna Abdel Aziz. Then came her real beginning in 1963, after she participated in the play “The Technical Secretary” with Fouad Al-Mohandes.

Busy career

Shwikar was famous at the beginning for performing comedy roles, but then she moved to a new stage that affected her acting career, and appeared in it with different and complex roles that require great talent such as: Al Karnak, the sad bird of night, the circle of revenge,  Enemy brothers, Al-Sakka died.” In the nineties, she also tended to present valuable television dramas, including “Tame the Fierce, Huanim Garden City, A Woman from the Time of Love, A Public Secret”.

A do-it-all artist

Shwikar possessed many artistic elements besides acting, as she excelled in another artistic genre, which is singing and show, where she participated in singing in 7 films over a 12-year period from 1956 to 1977. Those films were “Kill me, please, the fake millionaire, me, my wife, and the air, the threshold of jazz, a quarter of a dozen villains, Viva Zalata, and the supplication of the oppressed.”

An artistic duo that will not be repeated

Shwikar and Fouad El Mohandes formed one of the most famous comedy duos in cinema, theater and even radio, and together they presented a long series of distinguished works that time cannot erase from the memory of art lovers. The duo met for the first time in the play “Technical Secretary”, after which they gathered many successful works, the most prominent of which were in the cinema “Confessions of a Husband, Shenbo in the Trap, The Most Dangerous Man in the World, The Land of Hypocrisy, The Threshold of Mozzar, Butcher of Women, This man made me crazy, a very funny world, Love stalking, you’re the one who killed Papaya, the teen’s schoolteacher.” Among the most prominent works that the duo presented on stage, “My fair lady, me and him and her, Eve at 12, it is really a respectable family and I am out of your league.” The play “Rawhiah was Kidnapped” was the last work that brought them together.

Her latest artwork

Shwikar remained out of the limelight for many years, but she did not announce her retirement, which encouraged director Khaled Youssef to convince her to return to the cinema in 2009, through the movie “Please Call Me” with Ghada Abdel Razek and Amr Abdel Jalil. Shwikar stated in one of the TV interviews after that, saying that Khaled Youssef did not treat her in a manner befitting her artistic history. For this movie to be her last. As for her last work at all, it was the series “A public secret” with Ghada Adel and Iyad Nassar in 2012. After that, Shwikar decided not to participate in any artistic work, and sufficed with phone calls with talk shows from time to time.

A crazy fan

Shwikar was threatened by a crazy fan, who was sending her many romantic letters expressing his love for her, and Shwikar usually ignored these messages, but she was terrified one day when he sent her a threatening letter in which he said: ” You only have one week, and if you do not have mercy on me, I will not have mercy on you, I will distort this beauty that separates me and you, I will extinguish your fascination with fire water and I will make you regret, and I will live with a heartbreak like you for your beauty for the rest of my life, you have misled me with love, and I will deprive you of your beauty and strip you of your weapon. Because of this message, Shwikar decided to use her father and the doorman to use a plot to entrap this crazy fan. They managed to catch him and take him to the police station. There the admirer cried, swore that he did not mean to threaten her and that it was just an attempt to get her attention, and confirmed that he was ready to marry her. Despite her father’s refusal, Shwikar decided to waive the report out of concern for his future, especially when she knew that he was her neighbor and that he was a student at the Faculty of Commerce. She convinced her father to suffice with a disclaimer from her not to come near her ever again.

3 husbands and one daughter

When Shwikar completed her sixteenth year, her father decided to get her married to the accountant Hassan Nafeh Al-Jawaherji, and she gave birth to her only daughter, Menna Allah. Two years after marriage her husband suffered a serious disease that cost him his life. Shwaikar then found herself a widow and a mother at the age of 18. While working in the theater with the great artist Fouad Al-Mohandes, a strong love affair developed between them, which resulted in a marriage that lasted for more than twenty years, during which she was the mother of his children from his first wife, and despite their divorce, the bonds of friendship and kinship continued between them. Because of Shwikar’s feeling of pain after her separation from Fouad Al-Mohandes, and her desire to get rid of that feeling, she went through the experience of marrying for the third time with scriptwriter Medhat Youssef

Traitorous friend

Shwikar went through many difficult situations throughout her life, the first of which was the betrayal of her close friend, where Shwikar told in one of the television interviews about the childhood friend who grew up with her and was like a sister to her, and they were never separated. This continued even after Shwikar married her first husband, the accountant Hassan Nafeh, where the friend remained with Shwikar as her shadow, and she was present in her home almost permanently, and she enjoyed all the blessings that her husband provided her. One day, the husband told his wife that he was upset with her friend’s presence and wanted to be alone with his wife in the marital home, but Shwekar vehemently refused to remove her friend. A year later, the husband asked Shwikar to go to her family’s house, and when she came back in the evening, she found her friend trying to seduce the husband, and then he confessed to his wife that her friend had been approaching him since the first month of their marriage, and that he desperately tried to keep her away from the house, so he decided to make Shwikar see what was happening herself because he wanted to give her a practical lesson to be careful even with the people closest to her.

Untreated illness and sudden death

Shwikar fell ill in 2016 and was subsequently transferred to the hospital, after which she stated that her illness had no cure, without going into the details of the disease. On August 14, 2021, she was transferred again to the hospital after suffering vomiting and stomach pain, which the doctor diagnosed as an explosion in the gallbladder. For the cookie of Egyptian Cinema to leave our world at the age of 82. She left behind a long artistic history spanning 60 years, during which she presented distinguished works of art that formed a large part of the history of cinema and theater in Egypt, and is still a source of entertainment for the public to this day.